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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任恒毅、廖秀姬(2008),精實生產價值溪流程改善方法之實證研究-以某汽車空調製造商為例,品質學報,15卷5期,323-336。
  2. 朱鎮明(2007),以平衡計分卡提升政府服務及競爭力,研考雙月刊,31卷4期,112-127。
  3. 李芳齡譯(2004),Jeffrey K. Liker,The TOYOTA Way :14 management principles from the world’s greatest manufacture,臺北市:麥格羅‧希爾。
  4. 李珊珊(2007),平衡計分卡發展關鍵績效指標之介紹,國研科技,15期,58-61。
  5. 李超雄(2005),企業流程管理下的成本績效與組織再造-日本産業新概念“Cell production system”,品質月刊,41卷8期,57-61。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹雅婷(2014)。平衡計分卡為基礎探討關鍵績效指標 -以某印前材料供應商為例。中正大學會計與資訊科技學系學位論文。2014。1-86。
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