Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 4.李旭華、李珍穎(2012),「財產保險經營績效財務面因素之探討-金融控股公司績效較好嗎?」,《創新與管理》,9(1),25-54。
    2. 10.劉孟奇、盧敬植(2011),「所得分配不均與犯罪:台灣縣市動態追蹤資料分析」,《經濟論文叢刊》,39(2),243-276。
    3. 1.Arellano, M. and S. Bond(1991),“Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: MonteCarlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations,” Review of Economic Studies, 58, 277-297.
    4. 3.Dwyer, L.,N. Mistilis, P. Forsyth, and P. Rao(2001),“International price competitiveness of Australia’s MICE Industry,” International Journal of Tourism Research, 3, 123-139.
    5. 4.Hausman, J. A.(1978),“Specification Tests in Econometrics,” Econometrica,46,1251-1271.
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 鄒雅淳(2014)。政府清廉程度對國家發展旅遊市場之影響:以已開發與新興工業化國家為證。清雲科技大學國際企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-60。
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