Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 135 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹祚芊、楊克平、劉麗芳(2001).台灣地區醫院護理人員留任措施計畫成效之評值.護理研究,9(3),247-258。
  2. 王士豪(2013).「專業承諾」、「工作特性」、「人格特質」對離業之研究以醫生、護理人員為例(碩士論文).取自臺灣博碩士論文知識加值系統。
  3. 王郁智、洪光良、朱正一、章淑娟(2004).護理人員留任意願文獻探討.慈濟護理雜誌,3(4),8-12。
  4. 王郁智、章淑娟、朱正一(2006).升遷機會、社會支持、工作滿意度與留任意願之相關性研究.志為雜誌(慈濟護理雜誌),5(4),90-101。
  5. 方思婷(2008).分析一般外科臨床路徑護理活動之工時(碩士論文).取自取自臺灣博碩士論文知識加值系統。
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