Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 151 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王清泉(2004),組織變革過程中不確定因素之探討-以中華電信民營化為例,國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 李宥賢(2008),中部地區國民小學校長領導型態與學校組織變革關係之研究,國立暨南國際大學教育政策與行政研究所碩士論文。
  3. 何岫曄(2003),員工對組織變革之認知對組織承諾與工作壓力影響性之研究-以台灣銀行業為例,大同大學事業經營學系研究所碩士論文。
  4. 林公孚(2004),認識領導與領導者。品質月刊,3,67-70。
  5. 林怡芬、俞克弘(2009),醫院合併護理人員態度與行為之影響,北市醫學雜誌, 6(5),41-58。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉筱靜(2017)。組織變革對工作投入之影響-以轉換型領導為干擾效果。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-108。
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