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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李易蓁. (1997). 中文版SF-36在臨床施測之初探. (碩士), 高雄醫學院, 高雄市.
  2. 姚開屏. (2002). 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用. 臺灣醫學, 6(2), 193-200.
  3. 翁嘉英, 林庭光, 陳志暐, 林俊龍, & 張弘儒. (2015). 心理社會危險因子與心血管疾病. 內科學誌, 26卷(1期), 頁1-12.
  4. 曾旭民, 盧瑞芬, & 蔡益堅. (2003). 國人生活品質評量 (Ⅱ): SF-36 台灣版的常模與效度檢測. 臺灣公共衛生雜誌, 22(6), 512-518.
  5. 黃惠貞. (2002). 某大專院校學生靈性健康, 知覺壓力與憂鬱之相關研究. 臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文, 1-128.
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