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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林美玉(2001)。燙髮能力本位訓練教材—認識美髮行業【編號:SHG-HDO0101】。臺北市:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
  2. 林顯輝、黃冠潔(2008)。技職校院商管相關學系學生工作價值觀之研究。美容科技學刊,5(2),177-214。
  3. 胡蘭沁(2006)。大學生兼職與其工作價值觀關聯性之探討。臺東大學教育學報,48(2),125-150。
  4. 高毓婷(2000)。臺北都會區青少年消費文化初探--以兩所不同社會階級學區的國中為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所。臺北。
  5. 黃英忠、黃培文(2003)。實習工作價值觀的建構及其與工作投入的關係-以大專觀光、休閒、餐飲相關科系學生為例。觀光研究學報,10(1),63-79。
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