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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王相華、孫義方、簡慶德、潘富俊、郭紀凡、游孟雪、伍淑惠、古心蘭、鄭育斌、陳舜英、高瑞卿 (2004) 墾丁喀斯勒森林永久樣區之樹種組成及生育地類型。台灣林業科學 19(4): 323-335。
  2. 王相華、郭耀綸、潘順勇 (1997) 墾丁高位珊瑚礁森林樹冠疏開對二十種樹木種子發芽的影響。台灣林業科學 12(3): 299-307。
  3. 王經文、廖天賜、陳忠義、楊凱愉、林睿思、陳宜敏、許立勳 (2008) 木賊葉木麻黃苗木對水份逆境之反應。林業研究季刊 30(2): 31-44。
  4. 邱文良 (1991) 恆春自然保護區植群之研究。林試所研究報告季刊 6: 203-227。
  5. 許正一、王相華、伍淑惠、張英琇 (2004) 墾丁高位珊瑚礁自然保留區土壤之化育作用與分類。台灣林業科學 19(2): 153-164。
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