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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王書貞﹙2006﹚臺北縣市國小教師運用關渡自然公園進行戶外環境教育之需求研究。國立臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所碩士論文。183頁。
  2. 行政院農業委員會林務局﹙2001﹚新森活主張–國家森林生態旅遊。5-12頁。
  3. 行政院農業委員會林務局﹙2007﹚臺灣森林的故事﹙續﹚。9-24頁。
  4. 李晶﹙2001﹚國小教師對休閒農場提供資源實施校外教學活動之評估研究。師大學報教育類 46(1):93-110。
  5. 何森元﹙2002﹚探索林務局推動環境教育現況及未來發展需求。國立臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所碩士論文。149頁。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳淑珍(2012)。國民小學低年級教師學習社群長期發展之研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-156。
  2. 黃瑞棋(2013)。雲林縣國小教師實施戶外教學之決策研究。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2013。1-143。
  3. 曾婉婷(2014)。森林生態旅遊認知及影響因素對台中市國中教師進行戶外教學意願之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-93。
  4. 郭雄軍(2015)。臺灣實施戶外教育指標建構之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2015。1-262。
  5. 林于婷(2016)。教保服務人員對校外教學的考量因素與學習成效之研究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2016。1-165。
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