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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 江易穎(2002)。國中音樂教師專業成長與教學效能之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
    2. 余坤煌 (2001)。台北地區學校衛生人員對健康教育專業證照制度意見之研究。未出版博士論文,國立台灣師範大學,台北市。
    3. 余坤煌(2004)。健康與體育學習領域課程研究。教師之友,45(1),22-39。
    4. 吳文輝(2007)。體育教師專業發展與教學效能之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立台北教育大學,台北市。
    5. 吳萬福(2005)。我國學校體育的現況與未來的課題。學校體育,15(4),88-102。
    Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
    1. 沈玉玲(2009)。國小普通與特教教師專業能力之差異。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-79。 
    2. 陳寧翔(2010)。澎湖縣國小教師健康與體育學習領域專業發展需求與專業能力之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-115。 
    3. 廖芳櫻(2011)。學校內部行銷、教師專業能力與學校顧客關係之探討—以桃園縣某國民中學品格教育之推動為例。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2011。1-110。 
    4. 單文正(2009)。後期中等教育全民國防教師應備學科專門知能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-183。
    5. 張欽隆(2010)。台中市國民小學體育教師專業素養與教學效能之相關研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-165。
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