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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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    Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 參考文獻丁興祥、張慈宜、賴誠彬等(譯)(2002)。William Kinley Runyan 著。生命史與心理傳記學:理論與方法的探索 (Life Histories and Psychobiography: Explorations in Theory and Method)。台北:遠流。
    2. 刁筱華(譯)(1994)。Helen Fisher原著。愛慾:婚姻、外遇與離婚的自然史。 (Anatomy of Love: the natural history of monogamy, adultery, and divorce.)台北:時報文化。
    3. 易之新(譯)(2000)。Jill Freedman,Gene Combs原著。敘事治療-解構並重寫生命的故事(Narrative Therapy: The Social Construction of Preferred Realities)。台北市:張老師。
    4. 洪蘭(譯)(2000)。Judith R. Harris原著。教養的迷思:父母的教養能不能決定孩子的人格發展?The Nurture Assumption: Why Children Turn Out the Way They Do. 台北:商周。洪蘭、梁若瑜(譯)(2001)。
    5. 胡南屏(2008)。兩位國小離婚女性教師生涯發展之敘說研究。國立台東大學教育學系所學校行政碩士班論文。未出版,台東。
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