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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳穌(1999)。不同教學方式在摩斯登練習式教學結果之比較研究。大專體育,41,37-47。
    2. 周禾程(1999)。從人性尊嚴和自我實現的觀點談Mosston教學光譜之包含式。中華體育,12(5),14-20。
    3. 周宏室(2005)。Mosston(摩斯登)體育教學光譜的理論與應用(四版)。臺北市:師大書苑。
    4. 周冠玲(2004)。Mosston命令式、練習式、互惠式教學在國小舞蹈教學效果之比較研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺東大學,臺東縣。
    5. 林清和(1996)。運動學習程式學。臺北:文史哲出版社。林博仁、邱秀貞、黃清雲 (2007)。桌球創意教學-運動教育模式。國立嘉義大學嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,6(1),26-33。
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