Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王前龍(2000)。國小道德實驗課程 "愛國" 德目教材中國家認同內涵之分析。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 王鳳仙(2000)。國小教師道德科教學實踐知識之個案研究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 李琪明(2004)。品德本位校園文化之營造。台灣教育,625,30-38。
  4. 李琪明(2008)。國中小品德校園文化營造實徵研究。師大學報,53(3),153-178
  5. 林巧鵑(2004)。台北市國民小學品格教育實施現況調查。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士論文,未出版,台北縣。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江惠玲(2012)。桃園縣品格實踐學校實施計畫現況之研究-學校行政人員觀點。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2012。1-132。 
  2. 林意欽(2012)。桃園縣品格實踐學校實施計畫執行現況之研究-教師觀點。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2012。1-190。 
  3. 尤吉祥(2014)。父母管教方式與國中生手機上網成癮傾向。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2014。1-77。
  4. 林瑩香(2016)。新北市國民小學教師對品德教育認知與實施成效之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-138。
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