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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王仲孚(1997)。論兩岸中學歷史教科書對於歷史人物與歷史事件的評價。歷史教育論集。臺北:商鼎出版社。
  2. 吳翎君(2004)。歷史教學理論與實務。臺北市:五南出版社。
  3. 宋佩芬(2008)。講述中的歷史思維教學:一些可能與問題。師大學報:教育類,53(1),175-197。
  4. 周孟玲(譯)(1996)。理性的理解與歷史教學(原著:Dickinson,A.K.)。清華歷史教學,6,37-55。
  5. 張元(1999)。寄自疆場上的家書—高中歷史課後作業的研究。清華歷史教學,9,81-99。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 康家睿(2015)。卡片遊戲應用於國小高年級社會領域教學設計研究-以「清末的開港通商」為例。國立臺北教育大學社會與區域發展學系學位論文。2015。1-129。 
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