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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 壹、中文部分
  2. 丁虹(1987)。企業文化與組織承諾關係之研究(未出版之博士論文)。國立政治大學,臺北市。
  3. 內政部(2018)。2018年第38週內政統計通-106年國人平均壽命達80.4歲,男性77.3歲,女性83.7歲,均創新高。2018年9月21日,取自https://www.moi.gov.tw/stat/news_detail.aspx?sn=14818
  4. 公務人員退休撫卹基金管理委員會(2018)。中華民國 106 年公務人員退休撫卹基金統計年報。取自https://www.fund.gov.tw/public/Attachment/853113535920.pdf
  5. 田育昆﹙2007﹚。國民小學教師情緒勞務與組織承諾關係之研究-以桃竹苗四縣市為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立新竹教育大學,新竹市。
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