Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 史美瑤(2014)。混成學習(Blended/ Hybrid Learning)的挑戰與設計。評鑑雙月刊,50,34-36。
  2. 吳清山(2013)。教育名詞—混合式學習模式。教育資料與研究季刊,109,171-172。李德竹(2000)。資訊素養的意義、內涵與演變。圖書與資訊學刊,(35),1-25。
  3. 林麗娟(2001)。由資訊素養提昇「知」的能力。圖書與資訊學刊,39,28-35。
  4. 張芳全(2010)。以 SEM 檢定影響數學成就因素:以亞洲四小龍國二生 參加 TIMSS2003 年的資料為例。教育行政論壇,2(2),1-34。
  5. 張郁雯(2010)。國小學童資訊素養之發展研究。教育心理學報,41(3),521-550。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳子聖(2017)。使用混成式教學與線上教育平台對八年級學生學習化學反應相關概念之成效分析。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2017。1-157。 
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :