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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 197 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁信中(2009)。芬蘭中學生PISA科學成就優異表現及其相關因素之探討:2007歐洲科學教育學術參訪反思。科學教育,316,2-19。
  2. 王生佳(2009)。閱讀教學策略對閱讀態度與能力影響之研究-以智慧國小三年級閱讀童話為例(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北市。
  3. 王家通(2005)。我國與日本、韓國之大學入學制度比較研究。教育學刊,24,1-21。
  4. 古如君(2011)。以多樣本結構方程式模型檢定學生閱讀成就之因素─以臺灣與香港參加PIRLS 2006為例(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北市。
  5. 吳清山(1998)。學校效能研究。臺北市: 五南。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫慕亞(2015)。淡江大學「社團經營與實作課程」評估之研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2015。1-205。 
  2. 許呈沅(2013)。影響學生閱讀成就因素之多層次分析:以PISA 2009臺灣資料為例。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-117。 
  3. 黃瑞昌(2014)。國民小學教師之閱讀素養與閱讀教學策略相關之研究。暨南大學教育政策與行政學系學位論文。2014。1-197。 
  4. 許家禎(2015)。就讀不同學制的學生在科學素養表現之分析-以臺灣PISA 2012為例。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2015。1-142。 
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