Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方志華(2000)。二十一世紀道德哲學的開發與困境─女性主義關懷倫理學概說。鵝湖月刊,297,46-51。
  2. 方志華(2004)。關懷倫理學與教育。臺北市:紅葉文化。
  3. 方志華、施碧姿(2013)。關懷與智慧交融之道德課程設計與實踐。國教新知,60(3),3-19。
  4. 方淑玉(2002)。國民中學實施青少年與老人代間方案之成效研究─一個行動研究之取向(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  5. 王百合、楊國德(2010)。高齡薪傳者與兒童之代間學習互動研究。屏東教育大學學報,34,149-176。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭鈴瑛(2016)。「感恩心繫關懷情」課程─國民小學三年級學童實施感恩教學之行動研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系學位論文。2016。1-284。
  2. 蔡芳玫(2017)。關懷倫理學融入國小低年級霸凌防治課程之行動研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系生命教育碩士班學位論文。2017。1-273。
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