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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 165 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振德(2001)。教育改革、九年一貫課程與特殊教育。載於周台傑(主編),特殊教育品質的提昇(2001年)(頁379-389)。臺北市:中華民國特殊教育學會。
  2. 李玉惠、黃莉雯(2010)。美國幼兒特殊教育之研究──以華盛頓州為個案。學校行政雙月刊,78,96-124。
  3. 李翠玲(2005)蛻變中的特殊教育課程需求與改革。載於中華民國特殊教育學會年刊(2005年)(頁121-132)。
  4. 林珮如(2011)。特殊教育並不特殊:從特殊教育的特殊性談融合教育之現況與未來。特殊教育季刊,120,11-18。
  5. 林新發、鄧珮秀(2011) 第三章 國民教育。載於中華民國教育年報(2010年)(頁110-122) 臺北市:國立教育資料館。取自http://
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翁鳳婕(2015)。雲林縣國小特教教師對特殊教育新課綱認知與態度之研究。虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2015。1-107。
  2. 賴春瑩(2015)。一個國小特教社群之研究-以新課綱為探究主題。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-296。
  3. 鄒文君(2017)。高職特教教師對特殊教育課程大綱實施課程規劃與調整及相關需求之研究。國立臺北教育大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2017。1-108。
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