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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林金城(1999)。書法教學理論與實際。臺北:幼獅文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 許慎(漢)撰,段玉裁(清)注,魯實先(民國)補注(1990)。說文解字注。臺北:黎明文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 教育部編印(2003)。國民中小學九年一貫課程綱要語文學習領域。臺北:教育部。
  4. 教育部編印《國民中小學九年一貫課程綱要語文學習領域》,臺北:教育部,2003.3初版。
  5. 吳東壁(2001)。國民小學教師書法專業發展與教學知能之個案研究。國立臺北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林莉薇(2017)。書法教育實施現況與教學模式之研究—以新北市公立國民小學為例。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2017。1-205。 
  2. 彭玟瑜(2010)。國小四年級書法與識字教學融合之行動研究。國立臺北教育大學課程與教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-197。 
  3. 蔡子瑩(2011)。以ARCS動機模式和互動式電子白板融入國小一年級學生寫字教學之個案研究。國立臺北教育大學課程與教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-286。
  4. 簡志儒(2012)。鋼筆與臺灣的社會文化。中央大學歷史研究所學位論文。2012。1-180。
  5. 陳琦珀(2013)。Android筆順系統-以國小低年級國語科生字為例。國立臺北教育大學資訊科學系學位論文。2013。1-61。
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