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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王千倖(2003)•以「網路同儕教學」建構「網路學習社群」之行動研究•師大學報:科學教育類,48(1),119-142。
  2. 王思峰、李昌雄(2005)•如何增進線上學習成效:線上實務社群的浮現觀點•中山管理評論,13(3),749-776。
  3. 伍振鷟(1966)。聯合國文教組織關於教師地位建議案(United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO,翻譯)。臺北:中國教育學會(原作出版於1966)。
  4. 何心蕊(2003)•國民小學教師參與網路社群相關因素之研究(碩士論文)•國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所。
  5. 姚書璇(2010)•運用社群網站輔助合作學習之成效與動機研究─以傳播史課程為例(碩士論文)•國立臺北教育大學教育傳播與科技研究所。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 那昇華(2015)。基隆市國民小學智慧資本、社會資本與教師專業發展關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2015。1-432。 
  2. 王尚修(2012)。探討金門縣教師使用FACEBOOK於線上學習社群之影響因素研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-135。 
  3. 賴淑娟(2016)。臺中市國民中學教師學習社群與幸福感相關之研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2016。1-150。 
  4. 黃美玲(2017)。教師網路學習社群對教師專業成長影響之研究。暨南大學課程教學與科技研究所學位論文。2017。1-204。
  5. 翁芹鎂(2017)。參與網路社群對教師專業發展之影響-以國小教師為例。虎尾科技大學資訊管理系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-91。
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