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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 194 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石世明(2000)。對臨終者的靈性照顧。安寧療護雜誌,5(2),41-56。
  2. 白崢勇(2008)。「為我」與「假我」-論道家與佛教之現實人生的應世觀。明新學報,34(2),77-91。
  3. 江穎盈(2009)。大學生的生活壓力、社會支持與生命意義之研究。國立政治大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 何金針(2009)。全人教育與大專學生心理健康。諮商與輔導,281,33-37。
  5. 吳秀芳、蕭雅竹(2009)。護理人員靈性健康與靈性照護能力之相關性研究。護理暨健康照護研究,5(1),68-78。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 程菁秀(2014)。靈性健康與死亡態度相關研究-以某大學學生為例。國立臺北教育大學教育學系生命教育碩士班學位論文。2014。1-135。 
  2. 周上智(2013)。新北市國小教師工作壓力、靈性健康與幸福感之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系生命教育碩士班學位論文。2013。1-139。
  3. 葉麗貞(2013)。穿梭幻境與現實之間---靈修者之靈性發展危機與轉機的敘說研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系生命教育碩士班學位論文。2013。1-310。
  4. 陳育仙(2016)。新北市國小教師靈性健康與生命態度之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系生命教育碩士班學位論文。2016。1-116。
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