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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 164 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瓊婉(2007)。臺北縣幼稚園教師之融合教育支援服務調查研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北。
  2. 吳樎椒(2008)。幼兒教育概論。臺北:華都。
  3. 李秀珠(2005)。高雄市學前融合教育班教師角色知覺與教學支援需求之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北。
  4. 李宛蓉(2009)。新住民子女學習適應研究-從幼稚園到小學(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北。
  5. 杜雪淇(2011)。苗栗縣弱勢與非弱勢家庭對其大班幼兒數學能力之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺中教育大學,臺中。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許鈞雅(2015)。臺北市國小附幼三歲專班家長之教保服務需求與滿意度。國立臺北教育大學幼兒與家庭教育學系學位論文。2015。1-194。 
  2. 林雨霞(2016)。公立幼兒園安置特殊幼兒混齡班之教保服務人員教保壓力。國立臺北教育大學幼兒與家庭教育學系學位論文。2016。1-180。
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