Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院體育委員會(2007)。中華民國運動統計。臺北市:行政院體育委員會。
  2. 林育智(2008)。車道服務品質與騎乘滿意度之研究-以臺東市環市自行車道為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺東大學,臺東縣。
  3. 林佳慧(2008)。長跑運動俱樂部會員參與動機和社會支持之關係研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺東大學,臺東縣。
  4. 林勇銘(2008)。職棒La new熊隊球迷參與動機與滿意度之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺東大學,臺東縣。
  5. 林樹旺(2008)。建構自行車使用者休閒涉入對休閒效益之影響。運動與遊憩研 究,2(3),130-149。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱美慧(2013)。自行車休憩者的休閒涉入與活動幸福感及生活幸福感關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-47。 
  2. 曾媛琛(2014)。東豐自行車綠廊遊客之環境感受、地方依附與消費效益關係之研究。逢甲大學土地管理學系學位論文。2014。1-127。 
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