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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 158 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀燕(2004)。臺北縣市國民小學女性校長轉型領導與學校效能關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北市立師範學院,臺北市。
  2. 白靜瑜(2009)。鄉鎮圖書館兒童室閱讀環境與國小高年級學童閱讀行為之研究-以彰化縣為例(未出版之碩士論文)。中興大學,台中市。
  3. 吳國禎(2012)。從嘉義縣市小學教師閱讀教學現況探討台灣閱讀政策之推動(未出版之碩士論文)。國立中興大學,台中市。
  4. 吳淑芳(2004)。一個國小校長進行教學領導之自我角色覺察-以推動閱讀教學為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北師範學院,臺北市。
  5. 吳清山 (2006)。教育概論。臺北市:五南。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王素貞(2014)。國民小學校長道德領導、教師工作投入與學校效能之研究。暨南大學教育政策與行政學系學位論文。2014。1-361。 
  2. 林慧君(2016)。導師轉型領導與學生組織公民行為之研究。健行科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-58。
  3. 吳堂鐘(2016)。國民中學學習領導、學習環境與學習成效關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2016。1-307。
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