Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方吉正(1999)。認知學徒制在國小數學解題教學成效之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立高雄師範大學教育系。
  2. 姚開屏(1996)。心理計量的觀點看測量工具的發展。職能治療學會雜誌,1996,14(1):p5-21。
  3. 洪敬傑(2011)。國小四年級學生對數學文字題的閱讀理解研究-以「整數加減運算」為例(碩士論文)。台北市:國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所。
  4. 洪義德(2002)。不同表徵面積題目對國小六年級學生解題表現之探討(未出版碩士論文)。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所。
  5. 張祐瑄(2010)。閱讀理解能力與數學能力對小學六年級低成就學生在數學文字題解題表現之影響(碩士論文)。台北市:國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系。
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