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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王貴霞、劉哲銘、呂志得(2005)。乳癌病患的困擾及擔憂問題。北市醫學雜誌,2(9),844-850。
  2. 向肇英(2000)。比較衛教與肌肉放鬆訓練處置乳癌婦女術後疼痛及焦慮改善之成效。臺北醫學大學護理學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 向肇英、賴裕和、吳志雄、 陳美伶、黃采薇(2001)。探討衛教護理處置對乳癌婦女焦慮及術後疼痛改善之成效。新臺北護理期刊,3(1),91-102。
  4. 何培申(2013)。台灣地區乳癌患者焦慮、憂鬱、睡眠品質、生活品質之相關研究。國立台北教育大學心理與諮商學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  5. 吳志雄(2009)。認識乳癌。聲洋防癌之聲,124,15-17。
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