Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 415 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國體育協進會。《我們努力的八年》。1981年。頁7。
  2. 陳顯宗。《大專合球教材》。台北市:中華民國大專體育總會合球委員會,1991。
  3. 蕭全政。〈經濟發展與台灣的政治民主化〉《台灣民主季刊》第1 卷第1 期。台北:財團法人台灣民主基金會。2004 年3 月。頁9。
  4. Bailey, Steve, and Wray Vamplew. 100 Years of Physical Education 1899-1999. [England]: S. Bailey, 1999.
  5. Crawford, S.A.G.M., ‘Korfball’, in: Levinson, David, and Karen Christensen. Encyclopedia of World Sport: From Ancient Times to the Present. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO, 1996.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王郁琳(2010)。優秀合球選手在不同距離V型移位接球投籃動作之運動學分析。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-58。 
  2. 高禎佑(2016)。2015年世界合球錦標賽前四強之比賽表現分析。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2016。1-42。
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