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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王力行、饒見維(1992)。教育專業化與教育實習的實施。載於中華民國師範教育學會主編:教育專業。臺北:師大書苑。
  2. 王元仁(2003)模糊理論應用於技職學校課程評鑑模式之探討。國立台北師範學院學報, 16(1),49-62
  3. 江啟昱(1993)。CIPP評鑑模式之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 吳明德、陳世娟、謝孟君(2005)。小學教師網際網路教學資源搜尋及使用行為之研究。教育資料與圖書館學,42(4),481-498。
  5. 呂宗銘(2004)師資培育管道開放與教師供需,教師之友,45(4),82-88。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳芝瑾(2014)。國小昆蟲教學課程的PCK研究—師資生及國小教師的比較。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2014。1-214。 
  2. 廖秀娟(2011)。理論課程結合案例教學培育國小自然科職前教師之專業成長~運用5Why鷹架式提問教學為例。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2011。1-167。
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