Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 285 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 申章政(民88)。國小校長管理溝通類型、衝突管理風格與學校效能之
    2. 江鴻鈞(民84)。台灣省國民小學初任校長工作壓力與因應策略之研究。
    3. 李玉惠(民87)。國民小學女性校長工作壓力與社會支持需求之研究。
    4. 吳美華(民85)。國民小學創校初期學校組織特性與校長領導型式之相
    5. 吳宗立(民85)。國中學校行政人員工作壓力與因應策略之研究。國教學
    Times Cited (21) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林文科(2011)。士官長角色認同與權威性格對衝突行為影響之研究-以領導滿意度為干擾變項。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-135。 
    2. 劉智敏(2010)。海外臺灣學校校長工作壓力及其因應策略之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-268。 
    3. 李華容(2013)。國小校長變革領導、情緒智力、創意人格特質與學校創新經營關係之研究-以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-262。 
    4. 過修齊(2011)。競值架構應用在國民小學校長領導效能、學校組織效能與教師工作士氣之研究。暨南大學教育政策與行政學系學位論文。2011。1-364。 
    5. 陳伊蕙(2010)。臺東縣國民小學校長向下政治行為、領導滿意度與教師工作表現、學校效能感關係之研究。臺東大學教育學系學位論文。2010。1-135。 
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