Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 192 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 卜小蝶(2000)。台灣網路使用者檢索行為探析。大學圖書館,4(2),23-37。
  2. 王嵩音(2007)。網路使用之動機、態度與影響。資訊社會研究,12,60。
  3. 江志浩、吳佩玲、吳瑄芮等(2013)。數位生活創新力。臺北:財團法人資訊工業策進會。
  4. 何振珮(2006)。花蓮市國民中學學生網路成癮傾向與身心健康、學業成績之相關性研究 (未出版之碩士論文)。慈濟大學,花蓮。
  5. 李曉君(2006)。網路使用行為、網路成癮與親子互動關係之研究-以台南市國中生為例 (未出版之碩士論文)。台南女子技術學院,臺南。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳玫樺(2017)。臺北市立國民中學學生數位閱讀行為與態度之研究。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系數位出版與典藏數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-101。
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