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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 287 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.呂美惠(2008)。M. Foucault 與D. E. Smith論述分析之比較及其對教育研究之啟示。臺北市立教育大學學報(39)2,71-104。2012/09/29取自:
  2. 17.陳榮政(2008)。英國新工黨正副教育改革取向之研究-國家角色的轉變。國立暨南國際大學比較教育學系博士論文。未出版。
  3. 22.劉秀群(2005)。日本教育基本法體制之研究-兼論國民的學習權理論。淡江大學日本研究所碩士論文。未出版。
  4. 123.白木三秀、梅澤隆(2010)。人的資源管理の基本。東京:株式会社文真堂。
  5. 1.Allan, E. J. (2007). Policy discourses, gender and education: Constructing women’s status. London: Routledge.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃淑珍(2015)。日本高齡教育政策與實務之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-258。
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