Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王卿蘭(2005)。老人長期照護機構服務品質與生活品質之研究-以台北縣為例,國立台灣大學碩士論文。
  2. 王勝平(2015)。營農能力訓練成效之研究-以農民學院訓練課程為例,國立台灣大學碩士論文。
  3. 吳英隆、謝碧容(2007)。以策略導向分析醫療產業顧客關係管理之消費者關鍵需求特性,管理資訊學報,14(1),67-89。
  4. 吳淑鶯、陳瑞和、劉欣怡(2012)。旅館業之顧客關係管理與經營績效之關係模式建置與比較,台灣企業績效學刊,5(2),209-240。
  5. 吳煥烘、林志丞(2011)。國中教師社會支持、教師自我效能與工作倦怠相關研究以角色壓力為中介變項,嘉大教育研究學刊,26,25-56。
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