Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王士華、戎謹如、陳喬琪、魏秀靜、林寬佳(2007)‧青少年思覺失調症病患主要照顧者相關壓力、習得智謀與照顧負荷之研究‧護理雜誌,54(5),37-47。doi:10.6224/JN.54.5.37。
  2. 宋麗玉(2002)‧精神疾病照顧者負荷量表之發展驗證-以實物應用為取向‧社會政策與社會工作學刊,6(1),61-69。
  3. 宋麗玉(2005)‧精神障礙者之復健與復元-一個積極正向的觀點‧中華心理衛生學刊,18(4),1-29。doi: 10. 1177/1049731511402218
  4. 李冠瑩、陳映燁、李仁欽(2007)‧思覺失調症住院病人性別與症狀‧台灣精神醫學,21(4),263-270。
  5. 李姿瑩、蔡芸芳、楊美賞(2000)‧花蓮地區原住民與非原住民思覺失調症主要照顧者需求及相關因素探討‧慈濟醫學,12(4),247-257。
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