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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王梅美、林美良(2003)。讓她洗得更舒適-照護一位腹膜透析患者之護理經驗。新臺北護理期刊,5 (2),103-114。
  2. 王魯梅(2005)。運用充能概念探討多媒體互動式光碟對血液透析患者自我照顧、無力感及生活品質促進之成效。輔英科技大學護理學系碩士班,高雄市。
  3. 江慧珣(2003)。多媒體式護理指導對慢性腎功能不全患者知識、態度、行為意向與行為之成效。國防醫學院護理研究所碩士論文。未發表,台北。吳佳純、呂至剛、江守山(2002)。全自動腹膜透析。腎臟與透析,14(2),60-65。
  4. 周麗華、劉雪娥(2003)。長期腹膜透析病患性問題及相關性因素探討。台灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,2(2),129-142。
  5. 林彥岑、翁麗雀、江仰仁、韓慧美、潘麗慧(2010)。腎臟移植病人的生活品質及影響因素之探討。長庚護理,21 (1),1-11。
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