Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Chi-Cheng Liao (1998). Classification and application of lactic acid bacteria. Food Industry, 30: 1-10.
  2. Yi-Tang Chang (2004). Influence that the environmental factor microorganism grows -UV irradiation. Microbiology-Selected Experiments, 361-362.
  3. Chi-Lin Tsai (2002). Isolation and identification of lactic acid bacteria from fermented vegetables and analysis for use as probiotics. THESIS of Tatung University
  4. Akkermans, A. D. L., Zoetendal, E. G., Favier, C. F., Heilig, H. G. H. J., Akkermans-Van Vliet, W. M., & De Vos, W. M. (2000). Temperature and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of 16S rRNA from human faecal samples. Biosci. Microflora, 19, 93-98.
  5. Alander, M., Korpela, R., Saxelin, M., Vilpponen-Salmela, T., Mattila-Sandholm, T., & Von Wright, A. (1997). Recovery of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG from human colonic biopsies. Lett Appl. Microbiol. 24, 361-364.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭淑芬(2011)。褐藻酸鈣微膠囊化及海藻糖添加對Lactobacillus reuteri冷凍安定性之影響。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文。2011。1-110。 
  2. 莊家如(2009)。活菌體與熱致死乳酸菌對免疫調節影響之比較。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文。2009。1-139。 
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