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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國體育學會 (2000) 。休閒運動活動專書。臺北:中華民國體育學會。
  2. 王志慧、蔡英美與陳盈幸 (2008) 。幼教老師休閒知覺自由、休閒利益和休閒阻礙與休閒參與關係之研究。國立臺中技術學院學報,9 (1) ,17-28。
  3. 王註源 (2005) 。桃園縣國中教師休閒運動參與現況及其阻礙因素之調查研究 (未出版碩士論文) 。國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  4. 行政院衛生署 (2004) 。國民保健六年計劃。臺北市:行政院衛生署。
  5. 李炳昭、張凱翔與陳秋曇 (2009) 。臺中市國小教育人員休閒運動參與及其阻礙因素之研究。運動與遊憩研究,4 (1) ,119-137。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姬毓廷(2015)。國中教師休閒運動參與、復原力與工作滿意度關係之研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-294。 
  2. 林健誠(2014)。國中教師休閒參與及休閒阻礙相關之研究-以岡山地區為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-91。 
  3. 江明益(2014)。工業區從業人員休閒運動阻礙研究- 以雲林縣豐田工業區為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-98。
  4. 郭國正(2017)。高雄市國中教師路跑活動參與動機與阻礙因素之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-89。
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