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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. & Phillips K., 1998)
  2. 王貴霞、劉哲銘、呂志得(2005)。乳癌病患的困擾及擔憂問題。北市醫學雜誌,2,971-77。
  3. 王楚君(2003)。乳癌手術患者術後二週內之症狀困擾、身體心像、生活品質之探討。未出版碩士論文,台北醫學大學護理學系,臺北市。
  4. 世界衛生組織生活品質問卷台灣版研究小組(2005)。台灣簡明版世界衛生組織的生活品質量表指導手冊。臺北市:國立台灣大學。
  5. 李靜雯(2002)。乳癌病患手術後一個月之症狀困擾和情緒狀態之改變及其相關性。未發表的碩士論文,國立台北護理學院,臺北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林娟妃(2012)。復健物理治療病患健康促進生活型態的初探。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-60。
  2. 陳紀伃(2016)。乳癌術後婦女身體心像與憂鬱傾向關係之研究。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-75。
  3. 陳淑女(2017)。乳癌婦女的睡眠障礙與焦慮、憂鬱症狀及生活品質相關因素之探討。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2017。1-69。
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