Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 14.莊念慈(2003):醫院因應總額支付制度之策略方案及其相關因素探討,台北醫學大學醫務管理研究所碩士論文。http://etds.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/site/sh/detail_result.jsp。
  2. 16.章殷超:全民健康保險醫療服務審查問題之探討,台灣醫學,2003;7:104-113。
  3. 20.陳明晃、艾昌瑞:急診醫師留任因素與工作滿意度相關性之研究。醫務管理期刊。2003;4(4):41-56。
  4. 21.陳維恭、黃正金、劉文斌、吳昆錫:台灣急診主治醫師工作現況與合理工作環境之比較。J Taiwan Emerg Med. 2003;5:121-7。
  5. 22.陳維恭、劉文斌、林克潢、林光隆:台灣急診主治醫師急診工作規劃的分析。J Taiwan Emerg Med. 2004;6:349-57。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊仕屹(2012)。緊急醫療管理機會方格之建立 -以中部某地區醫院為例。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-54。 
  2. 林桂枝(2009)。影響兒科急診病患72小時再返之相關因素-以2005-2007年北部某醫院為例。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-92。
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