Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 8.陳永琦(2002)。台灣地區農會信用部與本國銀行合併之效益分析。國立台灣大學農業經濟研究所。台北市:未出版博士論文。
    2. 11.葉彩蓮、陳澤義(2000)。銀行經營績效評估:財務比率與DEA 的整合。東吳經濟商學學報,30,19-42。
    3. 1.Banker, R. D., Charnes, A., Cooper W. W., & Schinnar, A. P. (1981). A Bi- external Principle for Frontier Estimation and Efficiency Evaluations, Management Science, Vol. 27, 1370-1382.
    4. 2.Banker, R.D., Charnes, A. & Cooper, W.W. (1984). Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis, Science,vol.30,1078-1092.
    5. 3.Boussofiance et al. (1991). Applied Data Envelopment Analysis, European of Operational Research, 52(1), 1-15.
    Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃惠琴(2015)。中部地區基層農會經營績效分析。中興大學農業企業經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-56。 
    2. 蕭塑芳(2011)。中國大陸上市銀行之績效評估-DEA及Malmquist生產力指數之應用。嶺東科技大學財務金融系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-54。 
    3. 左晉瑋(2010)。應用Network DEA於台灣基層農會經營績效之研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2010。1-79。 
    4. 郭志遠(2009)。桃園縣市農會經營績效評估模式建立之研究-局部灰關聯分析法之應用。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2009。1-89。 
    5. 陳菊珍(2009)。台灣農會信用部經營效率之研究-資料包絡分析法之應用。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2009。1-132。 
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