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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋明順(1992)。休閒與工作—大眾休閒時代的衝擊。國立台灣師範大學社會教育系,社會教育學刊,21期,1-19。
  2. 李英弘、林朝欽(1997)。地方情感概念在戶外遊憩研究上之探討,休閒遊憩觀光研究成果研討會:休閒遊憩行為,中華民國戶外遊憩學會,282-294。
  3. 李英弘、林朝欽(1997)。地方情感概念在戶外遊憩研究上之探討,載:休閒與遊憩行為,中華民國戶外遊憩學會編,281-294,田園城市文化事業有限公司,台北。
  4. 邱雯玲(1989)。湖濱觀光遊憩地理研究—以日月潭為例,國立台灣師範大學地理研究所碩士論文,台北。
  5. 姚開屏(2000)。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展簡介。中華公共衛生雜誌,19(4)。315-324。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田育綺(2010)。高雄縣國中體育教師休閒認知.休閒參與及休閒滿意度相關之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-94。 
  2. 蘇意晴(2011)。地方依附與觀光發展認知之研究─以北投為例。臺灣師範大學地理學系學位論文。2011。1-155。
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