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DOI 是數位物件識別碼(Digital Object Identifier)的簡稱,
為物件在網路上的唯一識別碼,可用於永久連結並引用目標物件。

使用DOI作為永久連結

每個DOI號前面加上「http://dx.doi.org/」便成為永久網址。
如以DOI號為10.5297/ser.1201.002的文獻為例,此文獻的永久連結便是: http://dx.doi.org/10.5297/ser.1201.002
日後不論出版單位如何更動此文獻位置,永久連結所指向的位置皆會即時更新,不再錯失重要的研究。

引用含有DOI的文獻

有DOI的文獻在引用時皆應同時引用DOI。若使用APA、Chicago以外未規範DOI的引用格式,可引用DOI永久連結。

DOI可強化引用精確性、增強學術圈連結,並給予使用者跨平台的良好使用經驗,目前在全世界已有超過五千萬個物件申請DOI。如想對DOI的使用與概念有進一步了解,請參考華藝DOI註冊中心doi.airiti.com)。

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ACI:

數據來源:Academic Citation Index,簡稱ACI
台灣地區最大的引用文獻資料庫,目前收錄台灣地區所出版的人文學、社會學領域學術期刊,穩定出刊中的期刊總量約400種,若包含已收錄但後續停刊的期刊,總期刊量超過500種,每年定期公布收錄期刊的影響係數(Impact Factor)等指標給大眾,並可提供專家學者免費進行學術研究使用。

影響指數(Impact Factor):某一期刊前兩年產出的論文,在統計年平均被引用的次數。
公式:(前兩年發表論文在統計年的被引用次數)÷(前兩年論文產出論文總篇數)
例如:2010年之影響係數(2011年呈現)
2009年A期刊產出論文15篇,2009年A期刊產出論文在2009年被引用20次
2008年A期刊產出論文16篇,2008年A期刊產出論文在2009年被引用30次
→2010年的影響係數=(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61

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什麼是預刊文章?

為提供讀者最前線之學術資訊,於期刊文獻獲同意刊登後、紙本印製完成前,率先於網路線上發表之文章即為預刊文章。預刊文章尚未有卷期、頁次及出版日期資訊,但可藉由DOI號識別。DOI號是文獻的數位身份證字號,不論預刊或正式出版皆不會改變,讀者可點擊DOI連結,或於DOI號前面加上「http://dx.doi.org/」連結到文獻目前最新版本。

如何引用預刊文章?

請使用預刊文章的線上發表日期及DOI號來引用該篇文獻。

引用範例(視不同引文格式規範可能有所差異):

作者姓名。文章篇名。期刊名稱。YYYY/MM/DD線上預先發表。

doi:DOI號

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  34. Kleiner, K. A.(1987).Amplitude and phase spectra as indices of infants' pattern preferences.Infant Behavior and Development,10,49-59.
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  38. Macchi Cassia, V.,Valenza, E.,Pividori, D.,Simion, F.(2002).Facedness vs. non-specific structural properties: What is crucial in determining face preference at birth?.13th Biennial Meeting of International Conference on Infant Studies,Toronto, Canada:
  39. Maurer, D.,Barrera, M.(1981).Infants' perception of natural and distorted arrangements of a schematic face.Child Development,52,196-202.
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  42. Meissner, C. A.,Brigham, J. C.(2001).Thirty years of investigating the own-race bias in memory for faces: A meta-analytic review.Psychology, Public Policy, and Law,7,3-35.
  43. Morton, J.,Johnson, M. H.(1991).CONSPEC and CONLERN: A two-process theory of infant face recognition.Psychological Review,98,164-181.
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