Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Yan, YH,Chen, Y,Kung, CM,Peng, LJ.(2011).Continuous quality improvement of nursing care: case study of a clinical pathway revision for cardiac catheterization.J Nurs Res,19,181-9.
  2. 廖惠華、李偉強、張偉斌、魏秀美(2014)。台灣導入診斷關聯群對醫療利用之影響-以內科系心導管診斷及治療為例。醫務管理期刊,15,111-27。
  3. 羅郁婷、張冠民、董鈺琪(2015)。DRG為基礎前瞻性支付制度對髖關節骨折/置換術的醫療利用與照護結果之影響。台灣衛誌,34,180-92。
  4. 衛生福利部中央健康保險署:DRG住院診斷關聯群支付制度。http://www.nhi.gov.tw/webdata/webdata.aspx?menu=23&menu_id=819&webdata_id=937&WD_ID=819。引用2015/04/28。National Health Insurance Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare, R.O.C. (Taiwan). The Tw-DRGs Payment System. Available at: http://www.nhi.gov.tw/webdata/webdata.aspx?menu=23&menu_id=819&webdata_id=937&WD_ID=819. Accessed April 28, 2015. [In Chinese]
  5. 衛生福利部中央健康保險署:Tw-D RG支付通則。http://www.nhi.gov.tw/webdata/webdata.aspx?menu=23&menu_id=819&webdata_id=937&WD_ID=819。引用2015/04/28。National Health Insurance Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare, R.O.C. (Taiwan). Tw-DRGs payment principles. Available at: http://www.nhi.gov.tw/webdata/webdata.aspx?menu=23&menu_id=819&webdata_id=937&WD_ID=819. Accessed April 28, 2015. [In Chinese]
Times Cited ( 2 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴淑芬(2017)。台灣住院診斷關聯群實施第二階段對內、外科系醫療費用及醫療品質影響之差異分析。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-61。
  2. 陳明鎮(2018)。台灣診斷關聯群支付制度實施前後對醫療品質及醫師醫療行為之影響─以骨釘移除與闌尾炎相關手術為例。成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2018。1-51。
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