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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳淑瓊、莊坤洋(2001)•在地老化:台灣二十一世紀長 期照護的政策方向•台灣公共衛生雜誌, 20(3) , 192−201。[Wu, S. C., & Chuang, K. Y. (2001). Aging in place: The direction of Taiwan long-term care policy in the 21st Century. Taiwan Journal of Public Health, 20(3), 192−201.]
  2. 姚開屏(2000)•台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷 之發展及使用手冊(第一版)•台北市:世界衛生組織 生活品質問卷台灣版問卷發展小組。[Yao, K. P. (2000). Taiwan condensed version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire development and user manual (first edition). Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC: Taiwan Version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire Development Group.]
  3. 陳嫣芬、林晉榮(2006)•社區老人身體活動與生活品質 相關之研究•體育學報,39(1),87−100。[Chen, J. F., & Lin, Z. R. (2006). Relationship between physical activity and quality of life for the community older adults. Physical Education Journal, 39(1), 87−100.]
  4. 趙安娜、高美玲、林壽惠(2004)•鄉村社區老年人健康 狀況與生活品質相關性之探討•長期照護雜誌,8(1), 41−54。[Chao, A. N., Gau, M. L., & Lin, S. H. (2004). The relationships between health status and quality of life among rural community elderly dwellers. The Journal of Long Term Care, 8(1), 41−45.]
  5. Aoyagi, Y., Park, H., Park, S., & Shephard, R. J. (2010). Habitual physical activity and health-related quality of life on older adults: Interactions between the amount and intensity of activity (the Nakanojo Study). Quality of Life Research, 19(3), 333−338. doi:10.1007/s11136-010-9588-6
Times Cited ( 3 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈依璇(2015)。社區一般老人及輕度認知功能障礙老人之生活品質比較。成功大學護理學系學位論文。2015。1-80。 
  2. 廖秀慧(2015)。社區照顧關懷據點之個案研究-以臺中市某社區照顧關懷據點為例。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2015。1-84。 
  3. 吳佩珊(2016)。長照機構腦中風住民休閒活動參與和生活品質之研究。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-91。
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