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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.李奉儒(2006)。國小道德教育改進的行動研究與反省。課程與教學季刊,9(2),31-54。 【Lee, F.-J. (2006). An action research for improvements of moral education in primary schools. Curriculum & Instruction Quarterly, 9(2), 31-54.】
  2. 9.李琪明(2008)。學校品德教育推動策略及評鑑指標研究報告。教育部委託專案研究成果報告。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學。 【Lee, C.-M. (2008). The report of implementing strategy and evaluation indicators of character and moral education in schools. Commissioned research report of Ministry of Education. Taipei, Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University.】
  3. 10.李琪明、方志華、陳延興、劉秀嫚(2014)。品德教育融入十二年國民基本教育課程之研究。教育部國家教育研究院專案研究成果報告(NAER-2013-10-A-2-02-00-2-2)。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學。 【Lee, C.-M., Fang, C.-H., Chen, Y.-H., & Liou, S.-M. (2014). Research on integrating character and moral education into the 12-year basic education curriculum. Research report of National Academy for Educational Research (NAER-2013-10-A-2-02-00-2-2). Taipei, Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University.】
  4. 11.李琪明、林佳範、吳翠珍、張子超、李明憲、陳瓊花(2010)。第八次全國教育會議中心議題壹現代公民素養培育議題研析暨全民論壇活動結案報告。教育部委託專案研究成果報告。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學。 【Lee, C.-M., Lin, C.-F., Wu, T.-J., Chang, T.-C., Lee, M.-H., & Chen, C.-H. (2010). The study in fostering modern citizenship and the final report of public forum in the 8th National education conference. Commissioned research report of Ministry of Education. Taipei, Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University.】
  5. 17.簡成熙(2006)。品格教育能夠促進公德嗎?課程與教學季刊,9(2),13-29。 【Chien, C.-H. (2006). Can we promote the gongde (Public Morality) by implementing character education? Curriculum & Instruction Quarterly, 9(2), 13-29.】
Times Cited ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張志銘(Chih-Ming Chang);周倩(Chien Chou)(2019)。網路品德教育行為準則建置之研究。教育科學研究期刊。64(4)。61-86。 
  2. 吳淑惠(2015)。運用繪本實施國小二年級品格教育之行動研究-以「尊重」與「關懷」為例。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2015。1-223。
  3. 曾伃湘(2016)。臺中市國小家長參與學校品德教育行為意向及相關因素之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2016。1-141。
  4. 黃柏璋(2016)。國中國文教科書美德與品格優勢之內容分析研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2016。1-253。
  5. 郭佩君(2016)。運用兒童哲學理念建構國小三年級學生尊重主題課程之行動研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系生命教育碩士班學位論文。2016。1-356。
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