Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters

We're sorry, but the article or published work that you are searching for cannot be provided for your use. It may be due to any of the factors listed below. Our deepest apologies. 1. The terms of contract are being negotiated for this document or published work. 2. The authorization for this article or published work has expired. 3. At the request of the publishing agent, this article or published work has been removed from shelves, and will be temporarily archived. 4. The information or relevant content that you have searched for may contain errors. 5. The article has not been purchased yet, and it is requested that unpurchased articles or published works be archived.

1. Articles or publications are under licensing negotiation.

2. License of articles or publications has expired.

3. Articles or publications have been removed and hidden provisionally as required by the publisher.

4. The information or linked contents you enquired may be wrong.

5. Your library has not subscribed and required hiding the not ordered publications and articles.

You Can Choose To AL Home

We suggest that you can try to search again by using related vocabularies.

Or contact our customer at special line or mailbox.

Thank You.