Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number




Chinese/English Abstract :


Times Cited :

臺灣疼痛醫學會 Publishing 』

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Satisfaction factor analysis for patients receiving nerve block in pain clinic at a medical center in southern Taiwan

洪照庭(Chao-Ting Hung)蕭鴻宗(Hung-Tsung Hsiao)蘇雲娟(Yun-Chuan Su)黃英嘉(Yin-Chia Huang)劉彥青(Yen-Chin Liu)蔡玉娟(Yu-Chuan Tsai)

patient satisfactionpain clinichealth statushospital environment病人滿意度疼痛門診健康狀況醫院環境

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Postoperative Pain Management for Geriatrics - A Brief Review Focused on Administering Drugs and Providing Nerve Block

郭靜燕(Jing-Yan Guo)葉靖宜(Chin-Yi Yeh)陳穎增(Ying-Zeng Chen)

geriatric medicinegeriatric painpostoperation painopioidnerve block老年人疼痛管理術後嗎啡類

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Perioperative Pain Management is Not Just Opioid Treatment Alone-Using Multiple Strategies to Improve Pain Control, Reduce Complications, and Enhanced Outcomes

黃暐琇(Huang Wei Hsiu)楊琮翔(Yang Tsorng Shyang)何亦紘(Ho I Hung)曾宗毅(Tseng Tsung Yi)郭書麟(Guo Shu Lin)

Multimodal analgesia (MMA)Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS)多模式止痛術後快速恢復療程

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Pudendal nerve block to treat the residual pain after embolization of pelvic varicosity in a patient of pelvic congestion syndrome

胡冠伶(Kuan-Lin Hu)鄒美勇(Mei-Yung Tsou)宋俊松(Chun-Sung Sung)

Embolizationpelvic congestion syndromepudendal nerveultrasoundvarices栓塞骨盆腔鬱血症候群會陰神經超音波靜脈屈張

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Patients with ankylosing spondylitis can perform ultrasound guided caudal epidural injection for pain control: 3 cases report

王嘉睿(Jia-Ruey Wang)蔡玉娟(Yu-Chuan Tsai)劉彥青(Yen Chin Liu)董盈秀(Yin-Hsiu Tung)

chronic low back paincaudal epidural injectionankylosing spondylitis慢性下背痛尾骨硬脊膜外注射僵直性脊椎炎

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Opioid-sparing multimodal analgesia for recurrent sciatic pain

高子平(Tz-Ping Gau)陳宇春(Yu-Chun Chen)羅妤安(Yu-An Lo)盧奕丞(I-Cheng Lu)陳柏年(Po-Nien Chen)

sciatic painmultimodal analgesiaepidural steroid injectionopioids坐骨神經痛多模式止痛硬膜外類固醇注射嗎啡類止痛藥

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