Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number


Chinese/English Abstract


Chinese/English Abstract :


Times Cited :

Scientific Research Publishing 』

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The Toxic Effects of Crude Oil in Some Freshwater Cyanobacteria

Abdul Hameed M. Jawad Al ObaidyMuwafaq H. M. Lami

ToxicityCrude OilCyanobacteriaBatch CultureBioassayBiomonitoring

10.4236/jep.2014.55039 DOI

Abstract Download Download PDF Track Track


Settling/Sedimentation Followed by Sorption with "Pinus sylvestris" Sawdust as "Green" Sorbent: On-Site Treatment of a Real Industrial Wastewater

Fabio KaczalaMarcia MarquesWilliam Hogland

Industrial WastewaterTreatmentSorptionSawdust"Pinus sylvestris"Sedimentation

10.4236/jep.2014.55040 DOI

Abstract Download Download PDF Track Track


Microbiological Identification of Atmospheric Particles in Hermosillo, Sonora, México

Santos-Romo AlvaroSau-Acosta Nancy JanethCertucha-Barragán María TeresaAlmendáriz-Tapia Francisco JavierMonge-Amaya OnofreHernández-López JorgeZepeda-Ibarra Joel

Air PollutionAirborne ParticlesBacteria

10.4236/jep.2014.55041 DOI

Abstract Download Download PDF Track Track


Wastewater Management in Third World Cities: Case Study of Cotonou, Benin

Sena Peace HounkpeEdmond Codjo AdjoviMartin CrapperEsi Awuah

Urban SanitationSeptic tanksSoakaway PitsLatrinesDesludgingWastewater TreatmentDeveloping World Cities

10.4236/jep.2014.55042 DOI

Abstract Download Download PDF Track Track


Annoyance and Health-Related Quality of Life: A Cross-Sectional Study Involving Two Noise Sources

Daniel ShepherdDavid McBrideKim N. DirksDavid Welch

Aviation NoiseWind Turbine NoiseNoise AnnoyanceHealth

10.4236/jep.2014.55043 DOI

Abstract Download Download PDF Track Track


Diurnal and Seasonal Variations of Surface Ozone and Its Precursors in the Atmosphere of Yanbu, Saudi Arabia

Hesham A. Al-Jeelani

OzonePrecursorsDiurnal and SeasonalUrbanSaudi Arabia

10.4236/jep.2014.55044 DOI

Abstract Download Download PDF Track Track


Paying for Environmental Services

Raimundo C. G. MacielBastiaan P. ReydonJeísa A. da CostaGardênia de Oliveira Sales

Extractive Reserves (RESEX)Sustainable DevelopmentRural Family ProductionPayment for Environmental Services (PES)Amazonian Region

10.4236/jep.2014.55045 DOI

Abstract Download Download PDF Track Track


Influence of Combinations of Pesticides and Fertilizers on Aquatic Productivity

Ganapati HegdeMahesh MandyaSushma S. GokarnakarVinodbabu N. BabuVijayakumar N. ShivaramaiahSannanegunda V. Krishnamurthy

Chlorophyll ProductionZooplanktonPesticideFertilizersCombinations of Pesticides and Fertilizers

10.4236/jep.2014.55046 DOI

Abstract Download Download PDF Track Track


Bi-Enzymatic Conductometric Biosensor for Detection of Heavy Metal Ions and Pesticides in Water Samples Based on Enzymatic Inhibition in "Arthrospira platensis"

Nadèje TekayaOlga SaiapinaHatem Ben OuadaFlorence LagardePhilippe NamourHafedh Ben OuadaNicole Jaffrezic-Renault

InhibitionPhosphatase ActivityEsterase ActivityConductometry"Arthrospira platensis"

10.4236/jep.2014.55047 DOI

Abstract Download Download PDF Track Track


A Study on the Impact of Urban River Refurbishment to the Thermal Environment of Surrounding Residential Area

Daewuk KimJae-Gyu ChaEung-Ho Jung

Residential AreaUrban Heat IslandUrban Micro ClimateRiver RefurbishmentThermal Environment

10.4236/jep.2014.55048 DOI

Abstract Download Download PDF Track Track

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