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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters

Total Resolutions:
calculating how many times each DOI was looked up
Average Resolutions:
the sum of article resolutions / the number of resolved articles
the process in which a DOI is in use to receive in return a piece (or pieces) of current information related to the identified entity: e.g., a location (URL)

What is a DOI?

The digital object identifier (DOI) provides an infrastructure for persistent unique identification of objects of any type. It was first introduced in 1998 and now is an ISO standard of identification, data exchange, and citation format. At present, more than 148 million digital objects worldwide employ DOI not only as persistent links but also as the foundation for usage tracking, statistical analysis and high visibility.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add""before a DOI.
For instance: if the DOI of an article is DOI: 10.5870/airiti003
, you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser

Discover DOIs

Airiti provides you Airiti DOI metadata searchTo match references to DOIs.

Airiti Library updates

Journal Articles 42,287,912

Proceeding Articles 3,691,428

Theses 4,079,196

eBooks 123,478

Last Update 9/28/2023