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The Virtual We: The Survivors, the Cities, and the Cosmos in Doris Lessing’s Shikasta

潛態眾我:多麗絲.萊辛《希卡斯塔》中的城市、倖存者與宇宙

Abstracts


在本論文中,我試著探索萊辛小說中並置古老城市與浩劫後未來城市的意圖。一個是遵循古老而僵化的殖民系統,另一個是對應直覺演化式的新設計,遠古幾何城市因含納異質元素而轉化成潛態化的浩劫後城市,而此城市又與希卡斯塔(地球)上的倖存者形成一種無法區辨的關係,這樣的關係使得兩者能進而與宇宙力量產生連結。事實上,城市與倖存者之間界線的消融有助於形成一種海納岩石、植物、猩猩、巨人、希卡斯塔人、加諾波人等概念的新的「眾我」。我將引用德勒茲與瓜特里對於知感與情感的看法去理解倖存者與城市之間的微妙關係,並且藉著城市演化的觀念,闡明萊辛的潛態宇宙觀,最終揭示啟動潛態宇宙進化的關鍵元素:全新的「眾我」。

Keywords

萊辛 德勒茲 瓜特里 知感 情感 城市 倖存者

Parallel abstracts


In juxtaposing the ancient geometric cities, of old, static, colonial design, and the future post-catastrophic utopian cities, of new, intuitive, evolutionary design, Lessing highlights the transition from one to the other. The post-catastrophic cities and the Survivors form an indiscernible relationship and connect with the cosmic force, SOWF. The transition vividly maps the divergences and mutations of the Survivors and their becoming-city, envisioning the cross-fertilization between the two parties. The dissolving of boundaries between the cities and the Survivors facilitates the formation of a new virtual "we" that encompasses different beings such as stones, plants, apes, Giants, Shikastans, and even Canopeans and triggers the emergence of a virtual cosmos of multiplicity. Deleuze and Guattari’s concepts of perceptand affect promote understanding of how the Survivors, in the "virtual" act of rebuilding, evolve and "become the city" instead of monitoring the rebuilding via conscious implementation of an "actual" rigid cosmic Master Plan, highlight the divergences of the evolving cities, and reveal the formation of a new virtual "we," a key element of the virtual cosmos of symbiotic evolution.

Parallel keywords

Lessing Deleuze Guattari percept affect cities Survivors

References


Ansell-Pearson, Keith(ed.)(1997).Deleuze and Philosophy: the Difference Engineer.New York:Routledge.
Bogue, Ronald(2003).Deleuze on Music, Painting, and the Arts.New York:Routledge.
Buchanan, Ian(Ed.),Lambert, Gregg(Ed.)(2005).Deleuze and Space.Edinburgh:Edinburgh UP.
Buchanan, Ian(Ed.),Marks, John(Ed.)(2000).Deleuze and Literature.Edinburgh:Edinburgh UP.
Deleuze, Gilles,Tomlinson, Hugh(Trans.),Habberjam, Barbara(Trans.)(1990).Bergsonism.New York:Zone.

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