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Freud between Two Philosophies, or Psychoanalytical Transdisciplinarity

佛洛伊德介於兩個哲學或心理分析跨領域研究

Abstracts


This article evaluates the concept of transdisciplinarity that prevails in certain sections of the theoretical humanities, with a focus on the way in which it extends the long-running antagonism between science and the humanities, and "Continental" (theoretical) philosophy and its analytic counterpart. Examining a theoretical transdisciplinary valorization of the Freudian concept of the dream and juxtaposing it with an analytic disciplinary defense of dream interpretation as a method with scientific merit, I elucidate contrasting philosophical approaches to (trans)disciplinarity and correspondingly divergent perspectives on psychoanalysis. I conclude that the theoretical discourse on transdisciplinarity (inclusive of its application to psychoanalysis) obfuscates science as its generative Other, failing to go beyond, even while criticizing, analytic philosophy's appeal to science as a positive measure of validity. Alternatively, both forms of philosophical thinking fail to account for the ex-timate status of science for philosophy as well as psychoanalysis. This failure ultimately makes it difficult to arrive at a genuinely productive transdisciplinarity which, as Freud's disciplinary practice demonstrated, would take precisely extimacy as its motor and praxis.

Parallel abstracts


本文評估某些理論人文研究跨領域的盛行,尤其專注於探討長期科學與人文,「歐陸」(理論)哲學及分析哲學的對立。藉由分析佛洛伊德夢的解析理論跨領域研究及對照夢解析的分析理論具科學性,我在本文闡明心理分析不同角度相對應的不同(跨)領域哲學方法論。本文結論為跨領域的理論論述,包括心理分析應用,混淆了科學成為生成他者,無法更進一步,即使批評分析哲學利用科學作為實證性証明。兩者哲學思維皆無法說明科學作為哲學以及心理分析的「外密性」(ex-timate)。此失敗將很難達到跨領域的真正功用性,而佛洛伊德心理分析作為學科企圖利用此「外密性」作為其動力及實踐。

References


Baraitser, Lisa. “Temporal Drag: Transdisciplinarity and the ‘Case’ of Psychosocial Studies.” Theory, Culture & Society, vol. 32, nos. 5-6, 2015, pp. 207-231.
Birnbaum, Antonia. “The Obscure Object of Transdisciplinarity: Adorno on the Essay Form.” Radical Philosophy, no. 198, 2016, pp. 15-24.
Caygill, Howard. “Bildung and Strategy: The Fate of the ‘Beautiful Sciences.’” Radical Philosophy, no. 196, 2016, pp. 9-13.
Copjec, Joan. Imagine There’s No Woman: Ethics and Sublimation. MIT Press, 2002.
Derrida, Jacques. Of Grammatology. Translated by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. Johns Hopkins UP, 1997.

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